Thursday, December 9, 2010

Find Best Clustered Index

The following query will compare the nonclustered indexes vs the clustered index and determine which index would qualify as the best clustered index based upon the DMV statistics.

If a clustered index does not exist on the table, it will also suggest one of the existing nonclustered indexes as the clustered index.

DECLARE @NonClusteredSeekPct float 
DECLARE @ClusteredLookupFromNCPct float 
-- Define percentage of usage the non clustered should  
-- receive over the clustered index  
SET @NonClusteredSeekPct = 1.50
 -- 150%  
-- Define the percentage of all lookups on the clustered index  
-- should be executed by this non clustered index  
SET @ClusteredLookupFromNCPct = .75 -- 75%  
SELECT  TableName = object_name(idx.object_id)
       ,NonUsefulClusteredIndex = idx.NAME
       ,ShouldBeClustered = nc.NonClusteredName
       ,Clustered_User_Seeks = c.user_seeks
       ,NonClustered_User_Seeks = nc.user_seeks
       ,Clustered_User_Lookups = c.user_lookups
       ,DatabaseName = db_name(c.database_id)
FROM    sys.indexes idx
LEFT JOIN sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats c ON idx.object_id = c.object_id
                                           AND idx.index_id = c.index_id  
--AND c.database_id = @DBID  
JOIN    ( SELECT    idx.object_id
                   ,nonclusteredname = idx.NAME
                   ,ius.user_seeks
          FROM      sys.indexes idx
          JOIN      sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats ius ON idx.object_id = ius.object_id
                                                       AND idx.index_id = ius.index_id
          WHERE     idx.type_desc = 'nonclustered'
                    AND ius.user_seeks = ( SELECT   MAX(user_seeks)
                                           FROM     sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats
                                           WHERE    object_id = ius.object_id
                                                    AND type_desc = 'nonclustered' )
          GROUP BY  idx.object_id
                   ,idx.NAME
                   ,ius.user_seeks ) nc ON nc.object_id = idx.object_id
WHERE   idx.type_desc IN ( 'clustered', 'heap' )  
-- non clustered user seeks outweigh clustered by 150%  
        AND nc.user_seeks > ( c.user_seeks * @NonClusteredSeekPct )  
-- nc index usage is primary cause of clustered lookups 80%  
        AND nc.user_seeks >= ( c.user_lookups * @ClusteredLookupFromNCPct )
ORDER BY nc.user_seeks DESC 

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